Every form of diet must have protein as it aids in building, repairing and maintaining bodily structures. While plant-based food items and animal derivatives can offer protein, there are a few differences between both. Here, we will discuss those distinctions between plant-based and animal-based proteins.
It is a building block of protein. The body breaks down the protein in food into amino acids. The human body may require different kinds of these acids at separate times of the day. Several people feel that there should be complete protein sources with all the indispensable amino acids in their diets.
Some products derived from animals are complete protein sources, like the following.
- Different kinds of eggs
- Cow, deer and bison meat
- Dairy items like cheese, whey, and milk
- Poultry from chicken, quail and turkey
- The flesh of hare, boar, and horse
Almost every plant protein is not complete, meaning it lacks an essential amino acid at the least. Anyhow, some vegan food items such as buckwheat and the plant-based meat candidate quinoa are complete protein sources.
Vegans and vegetarians must combine their plant-based protein sources and be sure to get every indispensable amino acid.
The body is likely to take longer to break down and use plant protein sources. The protein-rich vegan food items include grains, lentils, beans, nuts, legumes, fruits like avocados, soy, industrial hemp, peas, and rice. Several other grains, nuts, and veggies are high in protein, too.
Which Is The Best Form Of Protein For Our Health?
When you choose between animal protein and plant protein sources, consider the non-protein nutrients in those food items. The nutritional profiles of food products with an abundance of protein can be diverse. Some animal protein sources can be high in vitamin B-12 and heme iron, whereas some vegan food items do not contain those nutrients.
Meanwhile, phytonutrients and a few antioxidants are not present in animal protein sources. Animal food derivatives have higher cholesterol levels and saturated fats as compared to plant protein sources. You might want to avoid consuming the former products for those reasons.
Several individuals used to link dietary cholesterol to heart disease. Recent evidence does not suggest any major link, but the Institute of Medicine suggests limiting that form of cholesterol.
One more important factor is fiber, which aids in keeping the digestive tract balanced and plant-based food is the only fiber source.