Protein is a very essential nutrient and the main building block of your body. Protein is used to make our tendons, muscles, skin, and other organs as wells as enzymes, hormones, etc. It makes up about 20 % of the human body. It is very important to get enough protein from the food you eat because our bodies do not store it.
Both plants and animals are good sources of protein. Even though many people say that both the proteins are the same, they have several differences.
Difference In Amnio Acid Profile
When you consume protein, it gets broken down into amino acids in your body. the amino acid profile in both plant and animal proteins varies greatly. Animals proteins have a good balance of all the essential amino acids. However, the plant protein does not have all the amino acids, and some amino acids, like tryptophan, methionine, isoleucine, and lycine are present in low amounts.
Plant Proteins Are Incomplete
The human body uses about 20 amino acids to build proteins and they are classified into essential and non-essential amino acids. Your body can produce non-essential amino acids but it is not able to produce essential amino acids. You need to obtain essential amino acids through the animal-based and plant-based foods you eat. Plant protein sources like nuts, lentils, and beans lack one or more essential amino acids and that is why plant-proteins are considered incomplete.
Health Benefits Of Plant Protein
Studies have shown that following a plant-based diet will help in maintaining better health and prevents several chronic health disorders. A diet rich in plant-based protein will reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering the blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Including protein-rich foods like legumes and nuts in your plant-based meal plan will help in reducing the blood sugar levels and reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It was also found that consuming more plant protein can manage your weight and prevent weight gain.
Health Benefits Of Animal Protein
Like plant protein, animal proteins also offer a lot of health benefits. Some studies showed that consuming poultry, fish, and low-fat dairy products can help in lowering the risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and heart attacks.
Eggs are also rich in animal protein and they can help in improving the cholesterol levels and manage your weight. Recent studies have shown that eating eggs for breakfast makes you feel fuller and help you to eat less later.